Kidney stones tend to run in families and they affect many more men than women. People with gout, irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn’s disease and chronic urinary tract infections are most likely to develop kidney stones.
They are also more common in hot climates: When people sweat a lot and don’t drink enough liquids, their urine has a higher concentration of the materials that turn into stones.
Recurrences of kidney stones are very common, but there are some steps you can take to try to prevent them:
Drink at least eight glasses of water each day.
If the weather is hot, drink more than eight glasses of water to help replace the moisture your body loses through perspiration
Ask your doctor about prescribing drugs or changes in your diet. Call the doctor if: You experience waves of sharp pain in your side, back or abdomen. Urination is difficult or painful. You have blood in your urine.
You develop fever with your symptoms.